On the last post I explained how make a Minimal install of Fedora 25, months has passed by since the last post and Fedora 26 was released, following the same steps I installed it on my laptop and next I will document my postinstall.
Given this is a minimal install, the set of packages installed does not provides support for Wireless Network Cards. It is true that during the installation process Anaconda provides such support, but once you have installed the minimal set of packages, these does not provides the required drivers, for this matter I must get my laptop connected to a Wired Network.
After checking the Wired Network, first I did was to edit dnf's configuration file and add the next lines to it:
echo 'fastestmirror=true' >> /etc/dnf/dnf.conf echo 'deltarpm=false' >> /etc/dnf/dnf.conf echo 'keepcache=true' >> /etc/dnf/dnf.conf
This way I make sure dnf will always use the more efficient mirror; will not use *.drpm's for upgrades, instead it will always download *.rpm's; and will keep any package it downloads in its cache.
Now let's reboot:
Disablle dnf-makecache.service and dnf-makecache.timer
dnf has this service and timer that annoys me, both makes sure of keeping the package metadata cache up to date with a certain frequence, this is something I like to do when I want and when I need it, not at dnf please, so this behaviour is fixed with the next command:
su -c 'systemctl disable dnf-makecache.service' su -c 'systemctl disable dnf-makecache.timer'
Let's reboot again:
Rebuilding packages metadata cache's
Once dnf configuration file is customized, service and timer are disabled, I clean the old cache and rebuild it. This time the commands are run as normal user, Fedora keeps two differents cache: one for the normal user and other for the root user:
This will rebuild packages metadata cache for my normal user:
dnf clean all dnf makecache
This will rebuild packages metadata cache for the root user:
su -c 'dnf clean all' su -c 'dnf makecache'
During the installation it is possible to mark a checkbox for the option to download and install the packages with the most recent version, to verify if there aren't any upgrades:
su -c 'dnf --refresh check-upgrade'
To download and apply the upgrades if availables:
su -c 'dnf upgrade'
After the upgrade let's reboot to make use of latest version of any package if upgraded.
Workstation Product Environment Installation
On my laptop I use GNOME Shell as desktop environment, to install it I make use of a package group that provides all the required packages to make of this Fedora Custom Operating System install a Fedora Workstation:
su -c 'dnf group install workstation-product-environment'
Graphical Boot Mode
After downloading and installing all the packages, We must change the default init mode from multi-user.target to graphical.target, otherwise, when We reboot our system will not start in graphical mode.
Also We must enable the service for the graphical login manager, if no, despite enabling the graphical mode our login will still a text based prompt:
su -c 'systemctl set-default graphical.target' su -c 'systemctl enable gdm.service' reboot
If nothing goes wrong, you might be running Fedora 26 Workstation with GNONE Shell.
Fixing Nautilus Behaviour
Before opening any other application, I like to fix how Nautilus sorts files, I like to have them sorted by type or file extension:
gsettings set org.gnome.nautilus.preferences default-sort-order type
This way when opening Nautilus it will show the files sorted by extension.
su -c 'dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm https://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm'
Refresh the cache, this will download the RPMFusion packages metadata:
su -c 'dnf check-upgrade'
Enabling Google Chrome's repository:
I used to enable Google Chrome repository as explained on this post:
But Mayorga presented me a more simple method, basically you just have to download Google Chrome rpm package, install it from the command line indicating the path to the rpm package and this by itself will add the *.repo file to the path /etc/yum.repos.d/.
cd ~/Downloads wget -N -t 0 -c https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm su -c 'dnf install google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm' su -c 'dnf check-update'
Before copying back any file from my back up's, hay must disable the annoying tracker and all his friends:
su -c 'dnf install tracker-preferences' mkdir ~/.config/autostart cp /etc/xdg/autostart/tracker* ~/.config/autostart cd ~/.config/autostart sed -i 's/X-GNOME-Autostart-enabled=true/X-GNOME-Autostart-enabled=false/' tracker*
Let's check tracker status:
Then we make a hard reset:
tracker reset --hard
Disabling GNOME Software and PackageKit download-updates
GNOME Software downloads metadata and upgrades for the system in background, to disable it We execute the next commands:
gsettings set org.gnome.software download-updates false su -c 'systemctl mask packagekit.service'
This should stop the autodownload upgrades and the PackageKit service.
Libraries and Development Tools
Now install the package groups that provides the required software and libraries for compiling other software from source code, as well as making of vim and IDE, on another post I will explain how to do so:
su -c 'dnf -y groups install c-development' su -c 'dnf -y groups install development-libs' su -c 'dnf -y groups install development-tools' su -c 'dnf -y groups install fedora-packager' su -c 'dnf -y groups install rpm-development-tools' su -c 'dnf install automake gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel cmake' su -c 'dnf install python-devel python3-devel' su -c 'dnf install monodevelop' su -c 'dnf install golang' su -c 'dnf install nodejs' su -c 'dnf install rust' su -c 'dnf install cargo' su -c 'dnf install python3-virtualenv' su -c 'dnf install python3-pip'
And finally the spellcheckers:
su -c 'dnf install hunspell' su -c 'dnf install hunspell-en' su -c 'dnf install hunspell-es' su -c 'dnf install aspell' su -c 'dnf install aspell-es' su -c 'dnf install aspell-en' su -c 'dnf install autocorr-es' su -c 'dnf install autocorr-en'
On the next post I will make shorts reviews on the other tools I use on Fedora.